Binding national and international rules
On a global scale, and particularly at the European level, transparent management of research data has become a priority for governments and public funding agencies. These require both Data Management Plans (DMPs) and free access to scientific publications and the underlying data. On the other hand, an increasing number of scientific publishers have Data Policies and now require access to data, metadata, codes, materials, methods and protocols associated with both qualitative and quantitative research results.
In Switzerland, the Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF) has been committed to opening up science since 2006. It requires the drafting of a DMP for all new funding requests since 2017 and the opening of all scientific productions resulting from projects it finances. For its part, Swissuniversities aims for 100% free access for all publications from universities from 2024 onwards, in accordance with its national strategy on Open Access.
Since November 2015, UNIL has been a signatory to the LERU Statement on Open Access to Research Publications, which aims to promote open publications, archiving and the availability of scientific data. UNIL also signed in 2018 the Berlin Declaration on Free Access to Knowledge in the Natural, Life, Human and Social Sciences and the San Francisco Declaration on Research Evaluation (DORA). This calls into question the growing use of bibliometric rankings as indices for the evaluation of research and researchers.